To determine the effects of a 24-week ketogenic diet (consisting of 30 g carbohydrate, 1 g/kg body weight protein, 20% saturated fat, and 80% polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat) in obese patients.
The weight and body mass index of the patients decreased significantly (P<0.0001). The level of total cholesterol decreased from week 1 to week 24. HDL cholesterol levels significantly increased, whereas LDL cholesterol levels significantly decreased after treatment. The level of triglycerides decreased significantly following 24 weeks of treatment. The level of blood glucose significantly decreased. The changes in the level of urea and creatinine were not statistically significant.
All 83 subjects received the ketogenic diet consisting of 20 g to 30 g of carbohydrate in the form of green vegetables and salad, and 80 g to 100 g of protein in the form of meat, fish, fowl, eggs, shellfish and cheese. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats were also included in the diet. Twelve weeks later, an additional 20 g of carbohydrate were added to the meal of the patients to total 40 g to 50 g of carbohydrate. Micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) were given to each subject in the form of one capsule per day.
Changes in these parameters were monitored after eight, 16 and 24 weeks of treatment.
Changes in these parameters were monitored at 8, 16, 24,32, 40, 48 and 56 weeks of the treatment
All 66 subjects received a ketogenic diet consisting of less than 20 g of carbohydrates in the form of green vegetables and salad and 80???100 g of proteins in the form of meat, fish, fowl, eggs, shellfish and cheese. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats (5 tablespoons olive oil) were included in the diet. Gradually, the amount of carbohydrate is raised from the original 20 to 40 g in order to supply sufficient glucose to sustain the cells with few or no mitochondria such as erythrocytes, cornea, lens, renal medulla and leukocytes.
Recommended food Fish Tuna, Sardine, Prawns, Shrimps. Lobster
Meat Kababs, Sausages, Minced
Poultry Chicken, Eggs
Cheese Full fat cheese
Vegetables/Fruits Spinach, Watercress, Eggplant, Parsley, Mulberry, Coriander, Mint, Artichoke, Okra, Cabbage, Mushroom, Avocado, Leek, Carrot, Radish, Celery, Cauliflower, Green pepper, Lettuce, Cucumber, Tomato, 10???15 olives/day, Lemon
Strawberry-6/day, Avocado Berries-10/day
Oil Olive oil (5 tablespoon, added to the salad Flax seed oil
asked byAgingHippie (614)
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on August 10, 2013
at 10:41 PM
Ketogenic diets don't have to be saturated fats. In fact animal fat is generally less than 50% saturated anyway. Bacon fat is very close in fatty acid composition to breast milk. Avocado, olive, and macadamia all have high mono omega-9. But eating a ton of omega-6 is not healthy, whereas saturated fats are more stable.
on December 29, 2015
at 08:25 PM
I have MS, and would like to try the Ketogenic diet but while reducing saturdated fat (I like Swank's reearch and know Wahls is a fan of sat fat. To be on the safe side, I'd prefer to cut down on sat fat.) Can anyone point me to a recipe book with recipes of how to do keto with other types of fats besides saturated? Thank you!
on August 13, 2013
at 04:23 AM
Ketogenic diets don't have to be high in saturated fat, (old school ketogenic diets for kids with epilepsy typically are loaded with mayonnaise and sugar-free, alcohol free eggnog, all high in PUFAs) but now we know that PUFAs are inflammatory so we try to avoid them.
on August 11, 2013
at 12:20 AM
no one who has researched ketosis assumes that ketogenic diets have to be high in saturated fats. MCTs are far more efficient at inducing ketosis.